Canada is a large, rough country. It covers more than half of the Northern Hemisphere from north to south. It spans six time zones and over 4,700 miles (7,560 kilometres) from east to west. Despite being the second largest nation on earth, it only has 0.5 percent of the world’s population.
Black-blue lakes, numerous rivers, imposing western mountains, undulating central plains, and forested eastern valleys are all aspects of Canada. Some of the oldest rocks on Earth are found in the hilly, lake and swampy Canadian Shield, which spans northern Canada.
The Arctic, where ice, snow, and glaciers rule the terrain, is where Canada’s extreme north is located. There are few trees in this area, and cultivation is impractical. First Nations people, or indigenous Canadians, rely on fishing and hunting for their subsistence.
People and culture
Canada resembles several different countries in some respects. Almost half of the population is descended from immigrants from the United Kingdom and France. More immigrants from Europe and Asia came after them. 4% of the population is made up of First Nations people.
The Northwest Territories and Nunavut are home to the majority of Inuit people. Many Native Canadians still reside on their ancestral grounds, although many more have migrated to Canadian cities. The art of the First Nations is well known and revered as a representation of Canadian culture.
Wildlife can be found in Canada’s far-flung north and vast forests, including bears, wolves, beavers, deer, mountain lions, bighorn sheep, and smaller creatures like raccoons, otters, and rabbits. The nation’s lakes and rivers, which make up nearly 20% of the world’s fresh water, are teeming with trout and salmon.
Bison and pronghorn antelope live in Canada’s southern grasslands. Canada’s vast evergreen woods, which lie further north, are home to a variety of species, including moose and black bears. Even further north, caribou and musk ox herds can be found in the chilly, barren tundra.
Canadians make a lot of effort to preserve the local fauna. Canada has three marine conservation zones in addition to 41 national parks. However there has been excessive hunting and fishing of several species, including wolves, lynx, and Atlantic salmon.
Governing and economics
The Canadian government is led by the British monarch. An extremely power-limited governor-general serves as the monarch’s representative. The elected federal government of Canada, which consists of a parliament and a prime minister, makes laws.
Quebec was granted its own legal and religious powers by Britain’s Quebec Act of 1774. Many Quebec residents have long craved independence, notwithstanding this concession. In referendums held in 1980 and 1995, Québec chose to remain a part of Canada. The second vote, though, was very close, and the discussion is still going on.
Since the 1500s, Canada has supplied the world with salmon, furs, and other natural resources. It now leads the globe in energy, telecommunications, and agricultural production. Canada exports to the United States in large numbers.