The United States of America is the third-largest country in the world in terms of area and is quite close to third in terms of people. The nation, which is situated in North America, is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Mexico’s southern border is shared with both Canada and its northern border. In addition to the District of Columbia, there are 50 states.
The United States, which is more than twice as big as the European Union, has towering mountains in the West and a huge central plain. Death Valley is the nation’s lowest point, at -282 feet (-86 metres), and Denali (Mt. McKinley), at 20,320 feet, is its highest peak (6,198 metres).
People and culture
The United States has always been an immigrant-heavy country. People from all over the world seeking safety and a better way of life make up the diverse population.
New England, the mid-Atlantic, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West are the six geographic divisions of the nation. New England attracted settlers from Europe in quest of religious liberty. Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont are among these states.
Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington, D.C. are all part of the mid-Atlantic area. Millions of European immigrants were drawn to these industrial areas, and as a result, some of the major cities on the East Coast, including New York, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, were born.
Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia are all states in the South that experienced post-Civil War hardship. The Civil War, which lasted from 1860 to 1865, was fought in these states.
The nation’s breadbasket, or agricultural heartland, is located in the Midwest. Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin are included in the region.
The prairies and deserts of the Southwest make for a stunningly stark scene. The Southwest region, which includes the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas, is home to some of nature’s greatest wonders, such as the Grand Canyon and Carlsbad Caverns.
The American West, with its rolling plains and cowboys, is a representation of the nation’s pioneering spirit. The West is diverse, encompassing everything from Arctic tundra to coral reefs, vast wilderness to Hollywood, and Yellowstone to arid desert. Alaska, Colorado, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming are among the states in the West.
The vast nation’s geography varies from Florida’s warm beaches to the Rocky Mountain peaks, from the West’s rolling prairies and arid deserts to the East’s and Northwest’s thick wilderness areas. The Great Lakes, the Grand Canyon, the gorgeous Yosemite Valley, and the powerful Mississippi River are scattered throughout.
As varied as the environment is the wildlife. Bison and other animals originally wandered freely throughout the plains, but they now only exist in protected areas. The three biggest carnivores are polar, black, and grizzly bears. The majority of the more than 20,000 flower species originated in Europe. The National Park Service is responsible for protecting and maintaining more than 400 locations, in addition to several state parks. The bald eagle is a protected species and both the national bird and symbol of the United States.
Government and Economy
Every four years, adults above the age of 18 cast ballots to choose the President and Vice President of the United States. The White House is where the president resides in the nation’s capital, Washington, D.C.
The Senate and the House of Representatives are the two houses of Congress. Each of the 100 senators represents one of the 50 states and is elected to a six-year term. Elections for the 435 representatives are held every two years.
Nine justices make up the Supreme Court; they are chosen by the president and require congressional approval.
2008 saw the election of Barack Obama as the first African American president in the history of the country. In 2012, he won reelection for a second term.
The last century’s advancements have made America the world’s preeminent nation in terms of economy, military might, and technology. The world’s greatest coal reserves are in America.